(800) 499-7232

Vapor Reference Guide

Acetic Acid

Synonyms

Vinegar Acid, Ethannoic Acid, and Methanecarboxylic Acid

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by various routes. Severe eye and skin irritant. Can cause burns, lachrymation, and conjunctivitis.Human systemic effects by ingestion: changes in the esophagus, ulceration, bleeding from the small and large intestine and Mucous membrane irritant. Mutation data reported.

 


 

Benzene

Synonyms

Benzol, cyclohexatriene

Safety Profile

Acute exposure can cause central nervous system depression. Chronic exposure results in depression of hematopoietic system and is associated with the incidence of leukemia and myeloma. Aplastic anemia, thrombocythemia, bone-marrow hyperplasia and lymphoid tumors are also associated with chronic exposure.

 

Cidex OPA

Synonyms

OPA, ortho-phthalaldehyde, o-phthalaldehyde

Safety Profile

Poison by ingestion, intravenous, and intraperitoneal routes. Moderately toxic by inhalation, skin contact, and subcutaneous routes. Experimental tertogenic and reproductive effects. Mutation data reported. A severe eye and human skin irritant. When heated to decomposition, it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

 

Ethyl Alcohol

Synonyms

Ethanol, algrain, anhydrol, ethyl hydrate, ethyl hydroxide

Safety Profile

Chronic exposure to vapor may result in irritation of eyes and mucous membranes, headache, and symptoms of central nervous system depression. Chronic pulmonary edema or congestion may result. Some fetotoxicity has been observed, as well as, liver tumors and degeneration.

 

Ethylene Oxide

Synonyms

12/88, 100% ET0, Amprolene, Nproline, Dihydroaxirene, Dimethylene oxide, Epoxyethane, Ethene Oxide, Oxacyclopropane, Oxane, Oxidoethane, Oxidoethane, Oxirane, Oxyfume, T-Gas

Safety Profile

Confirmed human carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic, tumorigenic and neoplastigenic date. Poison by ingestion, intraperitoneal, subcutaneous, intravenous, and possibly other routes. Moderately toxic by inhalation. Human systemic effects by inhalation: convulsions, nausea, vomiting, olfactory and pulmonary changes. Experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects. Mutation data reported. A skin and eye irritant. An irritant to mucous membranes of respiratory tract. High concentrations can cause pulmonary edema.

 

Formaldehyde

Synonyms

Formalin 40, Formalith, Formic Aldehyde, Formol, Fyde, HOCH, Ivalon, Karsan, Lysoform, Methanal, Methylaldehyde Methylene Glycol, Formalin, Methylene Oxide, Morbocid, Oxymethene, Paraform, Polyoxmethylene Gylcols, Superlysoform

Safety Profile

Confirmed human carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic, tumorigenic and teratogenic data. Human poison by ingestion. Experimental poison by ingestion, skin contact, inhalation, intravenous, intraperitoneal, and subcutaneous routes. Human systemic effects by inhalation: lacrimation, olfactory changes, aggression, and pulmonary changes. Experimental reproductive effects. Human mutation data reported. Most common cause of occupational skin disease. An air concentration of 10ppm is quickly irritating to eyes. Between 10 ppm to 20 ppm it becomes difficult to take a normal breath. Repeated exposure to 2 ppm to 3 ppm may allow some tolerance to occur.

 

Glutaraldehyde

Synonyms

Cidex, Procide, Sonacide, Wavacide, Omnicide, Glut, Glutaral

Safety Profile

Poison by ingestion, intravenous, and intraperitoneal routes. Moderately toxic by inhalation, skin contact, and subcutaneous routes. Experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects. Mutation data reported. A severe eye and human skin irritant. When heated to decomposition, it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

 

Halogenated Agents

Agents and Synonyms

Enflurane (Ethrane), Isoflurane (Forane), Desflurane (Suprane) Halothane (Fluothane), and Sevoflurane (Ultane)

Safety Profile

Exposure to Enflurane, Isoflurane and Desflurane can cause irritation of the eyes, nose, mouth, and throat. Overexposure can cause headaches, drowsiness, unconsciousness and death. Contact may irritate the skin, cause itching or scratching, drying or cracking. Enflurane and Isoflurane are potent respiratory depressants and can impair cardiac performance. Oral ingestion or inhalation of Halothane can cause systematic toxicity. Clinical signs include excitement initially followed later by unconsciousness and death from respiratory paralysis. Renal, cardiac and hepatoxicity have been reported.

 

Hydrogen Peroxide

Synonyms

None

Safety Profile

Irritant to eyes, mucous membranes, and skin. Severe systematic poisoning may cause headache, dizziness, vomiting, diarrhea, tremors, numbness, convulsions, pulmonary edema, unconscious and shock.

 

Isopropyl Alcohol

Synonyms

Isopropanol, 2-Propanol, Diamethylcarbinol

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic to humans by unspecified route. Moderately toxic experimentally by intravenous and intraperitoneal routes. Mildly toxic by skin contact. Human systemic effects by ingestion or inhalation: flushing. pulse rate decrease, blood pressure lowering, anesthesia, narcosis, headache, dizziness, mental depression, hallucinations, distorted perceptions, dyspnea, respiratory depression, nausea or vomiting, coma. Experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects. Mutation data reported. An eye and skin irritant. Questionable carcinogen.

 

Methyl Alcohol

Synonyms

Methanol, wood spirit, carbinol, wood alcohol, wood naptha, methylol

Safety Profile

Optic neuropathy, metabolic acidosis, and respiratory depression can result. Will cause lesions of the cornea dermatitis, erythema, and scaling. Gastrointestinal disturbances may cause convulsions. Specific developmental abnormalities in central nervous system and musculoskeletal system.

 

Methyl Ethyl Ketone

Synonyms

2-Butanone, ethyl methyl ketone, methyl acetone, MEK

Safety Profile

Irritant to the eyes, mucous membranes, and skin. Can result in narcosis and bronchopneumonia. Incidence of minor skeletal variation and delay in ossification of fetal bones. May potentate substances known to cause neuropathy.

 

Methyl Methacrylate

Synonyms

Diakon,Methyl-2-Methl-2-Propenoate, 2-Methyl-2-Propenoic Acid, and Methyl Ester

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by inhalation and intraperitoneal routes. Mildly toxic by ingestion. Human systemic effects by inhalation: sleep effects, excitement, anorexia, and blood pressure decrease. Experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects. Mutation data reported. A skin and eye irritant. Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data. A common air contaminant.

 

Methylene Chloride

Synonyms

DCM, Dichloromethane, Freone 30, Methane Dichloride, Methylene Bichloride, Methylene Dichloride

Safety Profile

Confirmed carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic and tumorigenic data. Poison by intravenous route. Moderately toxic by ingestion, subcutaneous, and intraperitoneal routes. Mildly toxic by inhalation. Human systemic effects by ingestion and inhalation: parathesia, somnolence, altered sleep time, convulsions, euphoria, and change in cardiac rate. An experimental teratogen. Experimental reproductive effects. An eye and severe skin irritant. Human mutation data reported. It is flammable in the range of 12-19% in air but ignition is difficult.

Nitrous Oxide

Synonyms

N2O, Nitrous

Safety Profile

Current scientific evidence suggests that chronic exposure to low concentrations of anesthetic agents increase the risk of spontaneous abortion in female workers and congenial abnormalities in offspring of female workers and wives of male workers. Risks of hepatic and renal diseases are also increased among exposed personnel. Physiological functions may be impaired. A few studies suggest an increased risk of cancer. Effects on the central nervous system due to acute exposure of anesthetic gases have been associated with headaches, nausea, fatigue, and irritability.

Perchloroethylene

Synonyms

Tetrachloroethylene, Perc

Safety Profile

Confirmed carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic, neoplastigenic, and teratogenic data. Experimental poison by intravenous route. Moderately toxic to humans by inhalation, with the following effects: local anesthetic, conjunctiva irritation, general anesthesia, hallucinations, distorted perceptions, coma and pulmonary changes. Moderately experimentally toxic by ingestion, inhalation, intraperitoneal, and subcutaneous routes. An experimental teratogen. Experimental reproductive effects. Human mutation data reported. An eye and severe skin irritant. The liquid can cause injuries to the eyes; however, with proper precautions it can be handles safely. The symptoms of acute intoxication from this material are the result of its effects upon the nervous system. Can cause dermatitis, particularly after repeated or prolonged contact with the skin. Irritates gastrointestinal tract upon ingestion.

 

Toluene

Synonyms

Methyl Benzene, Methacide, Toluol

Safety Profile

Poison by intraperitoneal route. Moderately toxic by intravenous, subcutaneous, and possibly other routes. Mildly toxic by inhalation. Human systemic effects by inhalation. CNS recording changes, hallucinations or distorted perceptions, motor activity changes, antipsychotic, psychophysical test changes and bone marrow changes. Experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects. Mutation data reported. A human eye irritant An experimental skin and severe eye irritant At 200-500ppm, headache, nausea, eye irritation, loss of appetite, a bad taste, lassitude, impaimlent of coordination and reaction time are reported, but are not usually accompanied by any laboratory or physical finds of significance. With higher concentrations, the above complaints are increased and in addition, anemia, leukopenia and enlarged liver may be found in rare cases. A common air contaminant.

 

Xylene

Synonyms

Xylol, Dimethylbenzene, Xylenen, Methyl Toluene, Xylole

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by intraperitoneal and subcutaneous route. Mildly toxic by ingestion and inhalation. Human systemic effects by inhalation: olfactory changes, conjunctiva irritation and pulmonary changes. Experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects. Mutation data reported. A human eye irritant. An experimental skin and severe eye irritant. Some temporary corneal effects are noted, as well as some conjunctival irritation by instillation (adding drops to the eye one at a time). Irritation can start at 200ppm. A very dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame.

Sensors Safety is an approved member of GSA Advantage. Federal and military customers can order our products through GSAadvantage.com

AIHA LAP Accrediation Logo

Sensors Safety's laboratory is accredited by AIHA's Laboratory Accreditation Program.